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Earth Sciences at the University of Fribourg

Bern-Fribourg Master in Earth Sciences

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Master Specialty in Earth Materials (EM)

Master Speciality in Earth Materials (EM)

 

 

 

 

 

Career Perspectives:

Main aspect of the Specialty Earth Materials within the master curriculum of Earth Sciences is multidisciplinarity between geology and material sciences. In the past, graduates specialized in this field accepted positions in industry and research institutes dealing with refractories, glass, cement, gem stones, or other crystalline solids of technological importance for multiple applications. In addition to this specialization master students are also encouraged developing fundamentals for general geological tasks.

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Scope

All fields of profession cited above cover the research areas of general and applied mineralogy and petrology. The spectrum summarized in Earth Materials spans from structure and properties of minerals to genesis of magmatic and metamorphic rocks. Multidisciplinarity within the domains geology-physics-chemistry provides students with skills to deal with technological applications of minerals and rocks.

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Aim

The intention of this specialty aims to provide skills for investigating and characterizing minerals, rocks, and other crystalline solids, with special emphasis on their properties. This also includes developing models on formation and stability of rocks and minerals, synthesis of corresponding materials under laboratory conditions, and testing possible applications in technology and ecology.

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Core courses for the Specialty in Earth Materials (30 ECTS in Module B)

Course title (25 courses): ECTS:
Applied Isotope Geochemistry - stable & radiogenic 3
Cathodoluminescence Microscopy CL: Practical course (prer) 0.5
Cement and Silicate ceramics 2.5
Contaminated Sites 2
Electron Beam Microanalytics: Theory - EMPA, SEM, TEM CL. Mandatory for practical courses in: EMPA, SEM, TEM, CL 2
Electron Microbeam Techniques, Laboratory (prer) 1
Electron Microprobe Analysis - EMPA: Practical course. Theory course Electron Beam Microanalytics required. (prer) 1
Environmental Mineralogy 2.5
Geochemical Analysis of Rocks. Four-day block course 2
Geological Disposal and Remediation of Non-Radioactive Waste 1.5
Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste 2.5
High Specific Surface Minerals. Lecture and Practical. (prer) 2.25
Internship in industry 5
Mineral Resources. Lecture and Practical 2.25
Quantitative Methods and Models in Petrology (I). 2.25
Quantitative Methods and Models in Petrology (II). 1.5
Reflected-Light Microscopy 1.5
Rock Deformation: Brittle regime (prer) 2.5
Rock Deformation: Ductile regime 4
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM): Practical course. (Bern) on request (prer) 1
Technical Mineralogy 3
TEM Transmission electron microscopy (laboratory) 1
TEM Transmission electron microscopy (lecture 2
X-Ray Powder Diffraction. Three-day short course. 1.5
X-ray Single Crystals. Short course. Upon request. 1.5

 

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Masters Thesis Project (60 ECTS in Module D)

Each student writes a guided research thesis on a topic of ongoing investigation at the University of Bern or at partner institutions (university, government, industry). This project may involve any combination of field, laboratory and/or computational work. The thesis work is conducted over the entire 20-month period of the MSc curriculum, parallel to coursework, thereby allowing time for in-depth understanding of the research problem and methods. One or more supervisors are drawn from the team of lecturers or from partner institutions. During the first semester the student studies the literature and presents an oral and written research proposal. The remaining three semesters and one intervening summer period (free of coursework) are devoted to fieldwork or industry internship, collecting and analysing data and to writing up the results. The thesis work terminates with oral and written presentations at the end of the fourth semester. The MSc thesis may be written in English or German.

Examples of titles of previous MSc theses:

  • Synthesis and temperature dependent structure characterization of microporous CsAlSi5O12
  • Stepwise dehydration of Cd- and Sr-exchanged heulandite
  • Crystal structure and chemistry of double-ring silicates: osumilite and roedderite
  • Manganese minerals from the Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa: Nchwaningite, Mn2SiO3(OH)2.H2O, a new pyroxene-related chain silicate

Available Thesis Topics in Speciality Earth Materials (EM)

(this list is updated in December each year)

 

ELE EM ERG GEOL PAQS Uni. Thesis topic Advisors:
x x BE Absolute calibration of cosmogenic chlorine-36 (36Cl) production rate from Central Andes samples, Details Dr. Romain Delunel, PD Dr. Naki Akçar, Prof. Fritz Schlunegger
x x BE Characterization of fluid accompanied deformation along thrust faults, Details Prof. Marco Herwegh, PD Dr. Alfons Berger
x x BE Einfluss von organischem Kohlenstoff auf die Mobilisierung von Schwermetallen in Deponien, Details Dr. Urs Eggenberger
x x BE Fieldwork and image blind interpretation using CLUPI, the close-up imager on the 2018 ExoMars rover mission, Details PD Dr. Beda Hofmann, Prof. Larryn W. Diamond, Dr. Jean-Luc Josset
x FR Fractal analysis of volcanic ash particles, Details Prof. Bernard Grobéty
x x BE Meteorites from Oman: Statistical and GIS analysis, Details PD Dr. Beda Hofmann, Dr. Urs Eggenberger
x x x BE Microstructural analysis in sedimentary rocks of the Mont Terri Rock Laboratory subjected to high-pressure squeezing experiments, Details Prof. Marco Herwegh, Prof. Martin Mazurek
x x x x BE New isotope geoscience projects, Details Prof. Thomas Nägler, Prof. Igor Villa
x x BE Rückgewinnungspotential wertvoller Metalle in KVA-Flugaschen, Details Dr. Urs Eggenberger
x x x BE The chemistry of minerals and fluids during prograde mineral transformations in the ultramafic Bergell contact aureole , Details PD Dr. Thomas Pettke, Prof. Martin Engi
x FR Thermal transformation of amphibole asbestos, Details Prof. Bernard Grobéty
x FR Volcanic Aerosols, Details Prof. Bernard Grobéty

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Current master students in Speciality Earth Materials (EM)

Student Thesis topic Advisors
Berger Jean Guillaume La cinétique de la synthèse de la pérovskite Prof. Bernard Grobéty
Diamantopoulou Despoina Matrix effects on the analysis of rock-forming minerals by LA-ICP-MS PD Dr. Thomas Pettke, Prof. Thomas Armbruster
Jaques Victory Analysis and comparison of the materials used for the Middle Age paintings found in the Cordeliers church, Fribourg, Switzerland Prof. V. Serneels
Perrenoud Joaquim Sintering of doped potassium sodium niobate (KNL-NTS) fibers. Prof. Bernard Grobéty
Stoppa Line Tephra chronostratigraphy of the Malpaisillo volcanic deposits (Western Nicaragua) Prof. Bernard Grobéty
Widmer Remo Thermal behavior of minerals: the cause of anisotropic thermal expansion Prof. Thomas Armbruster

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Former master students in Speciality Earth Materials (EM)

Student Thesis topic Advisors
Bretscher Annette Beschreibung eines Meteoriten (Mesosiderit) im Detail PD Beda Hofmann, Dr. Urs Eggenberger
Fisch Martin Cation exchange and structural characterization of potential zeolites Prof. Thomas Armbruster
Gfeller Frank Prof. Thomas Armbruster, PD Marco Herwegh, Prof. Klaus Mezger
Greminger Andrea Microstructure and Mechanical Stability of Mortars PD Marco Herwegh, Prof. Thomas Armbruster, Prof. Adrian Pfiffner
Munoz-Helfenberger Andre Liberation of Pore Water using HV Pulsed Power Equipment of selFrag Dr. Urs Eggenberger, Prof. Larryn Diamond
Opitz Christoph Oman Meteorites PD Beda Hofmann, Dr. Urs Eggenberger
Zurfluh Florian Meteorites in the Sultanate of Oman Prof. Martin Engi, PD Dr. Beda Hofmann

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Laboratory Facilities

MSc students have access to a wide range of modern analytical facilities at the host institute, including state of the art single-crystal X-ray equipment enabling structural characterization at high and low temperature (100 to 850 K), powder X-ray diffraction equipment for structural characterization up to 1400 K, petrographic microscopy, cathode-luminescence, scanning-electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, electron microprobe, Laser-Raman and FTIR spectroscopy, Laser-ablation-ICP-MS, fluid inclusion microthermometry, rock porosity and permeability apparatus, wet-chemical laboratories with atomic-absorption and ion-chromatography, mass-spectrometers for stable isotopes of C, O and H, and for radiogenic isotopes of the K-Ar, Rb-Sr, Nd-Sm, U-Pb, Ca, Mo and He systems. Experimental equipment includes porewater extraction devices, flow-through reaction vessels, exchange columns, hydrothermal autoclaves for high P–T studies and special high temperature furnaces for crystal growth and solid state reactions. Computational facilities include computer clusters for geochemical modelling and GIS applications. Additional facilities are available at BeNeFri partner universities and at collaborating research institutes.

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Instructors

Teaching of the specialised courses on Earth Materials and supervision of MSc thesis projects is carried out by a team with extensive experience in applied and general mineralogy and petrology (all lecturers of the Institute of Geological Sciences at the University of Bern and Prof. Bernard Grobety of the Department of Geosciences at the University of Fribourg).

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Further Information

Prospective students for the specialty in “Earth Materials” should contact the following professors for further information: , or

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University of Bern | Institute of Geological Sciences | Baltzerstrasse 1+3 | CH-3012 Bern |
Tel.: +41 (0)31 631 87 61|

University of Fribourg | Dépt. Géosciences ; Ch. du Musée 6 - Pérolles ; CH-1700 Fribourg |
Tel:  +41 (0)26 300 89 70 ; Fax: +41 (0)26 300 97 42 |
© University of Bern 20.06.2014